Tourism is an important source of income on Lombok. The most developed tourism area of the island is on the west coast of the island and is centered about the township of Senggigi. The immediate surrounds of the township contain the most developed tourism facilities. The west coast coastal tourism strip is spread along a 30 kilometres (19 miles) strip following the coastal road north from Mataram and the old airport at Ampenan. The principal tourism area extends to Tanjung in the northwest at the foot of Mount Rinjani and includes the Sire and Medana Peninsulas and the highly popular Gili Islands lying immediately offshore. These three small islands are most commonly accessed by boat from Bangsal near Pemenang, Teluk Nare a little to the south, or from further south at Senggigi and Mangsit beach. Many hotels and resorts offer accommodations ranging from budget to luxurious. Recently direct fast boat services have been running from Bali making a direct connection to the Gili islands. Although rapidly changing in character, the Gili islands still provide both a lay-back backpacker’s retreat and a high-class resort destination.
Other tourist destinations include Mount Rinjani, Gili Bidara, Gili Lawang, Narmada Park and Mayura Park and Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali). Sekotong, in southwest Lombok, is popular for its numerous and diverse scuba diving locations.
The Kuta area is also famous for its largely deserted, white sand beaches. The Smalltown is rapidly developing since the opening of the International airport in Praya. Increasing amounts of surfers from around the globe come here seeking out perfect surf and the slow and rustic feel of Lombok. South Lombok surfing is considered some of the best in the world. Large polar lows push up through the Indian Ocean directing long range, high period swell from as far south as Heard Island from late March through to September or later. This coincided with the dry season and South-East trade winds that blow like clockwork. Lombok is famous for its diversity of breaks, which includes world-renowned Desert Point at Banko Banko in the southwest of the island.
The northern west coast near Tanjung has many new upmarket hotel and villa developments centered about the Sire and Medana peninsular nearby to the Gili islands and a new boating marina at Medana Bay. These new developments complement the already existing five-star resorts and a large golf course already established there.
The island is to the immediate east of the Lombok Strait which marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia; this distinction, known as the “Wallace Line” takes its name from Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913). Wallace was the first person to comment on the division between the two regions, as well as on the abrupt boundary between the two biomes.
To the east of Lombok lies the Alas Strait, a narrow body of water separating the island of Lombok from the nearby island of Sumbawa.
The island’s topography is dominated by the centrally-located stratovolcano Mount Rinjani, the second-highest volcano in Indonesia, which rises to 3,726 metres (12,224 ft), making Lombok the 8th-highest island. The most recent eruption of Rinjani occurred in September 2016 at Gunung Barujari. In a 2010 eruption, ash was reported as rising 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) into the atmosphere from the Barujari cone in Rinjani’s caldera lake of Segara Anak. Lava flowed into the caldera lake, raising its temperature, while ash fall damaged crops on the slopes of Rinjani. The volcano and its crater lake, Segara Anak (child of the sea), are protected by the Gunung Rinjani National Park established in 1997. Recent evidence indicates an ancient volcano, Mount Samalas, of which now only a caldera remains, was the source of the 1257 Samalas eruption, one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history, which caused worldwide changes in weather.
The highlands of Lombok are forest-clad and mostly undeveloped. The lowlands are highly cultivated. Rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco, cotton, cinnamon, cacao, cloves, cassava, corn, coconuts, copra, bananas and vanilla are the major crops grown in the fertile soils of the island. The southern part of the island is fertile but drier, especially toward the southern coastline.
GiliMeno is one of Gili in north Lombok other than GiliTrawangan and Gili Air. It is located in Gili Indah Village, PemenangSubdistrict, North Lombok Regency. This place could be reach by driving and sailing 45 minutes away from Mataram and 2 hours from Lombok International Airport (BIL).
This Gili sits betweenGiliTrawangan and Gili Air. GiliMeno is the smallest one compared to the others, the population is about 400 people. Meanwhile, this island is a habitat for various birds species that fly away freely around the island and giving more nature vibe.
As the quietest Gilicalmness is an absolute thing, besides no pollution will be found as it is there are no cars or motor vehicle. Cidomo (horse cart) orbicycle are perfect choices for looking around the island. It takes 90 minutes by walking around its island. In one of GiliMenoarea there is a Green Turtle Sanctuary which is able to visit and involve to the restoration movement. GiliMeno is the only one where has lake, it is a salty water lake and becoming habitat of breams and monitor lizards also surrounded by mangrove forest.
Nature vibe is not the only thing, GiliMeno also has an attractive beach with shallow sea, white sandy and clear blue water which are best selected for Diving Spot and Snorkeling. This island has well-guarded coral, likewise the undersea world, various species of fish and green turtle will be found easily.
GiliNanggu is one of Gili in Lombok which has an area of 8 hectares. Getting to GiliNanggu, you need to drive for 1 hour from Mataram to Lembar and taking a boat for 35 minutes. However 45 minutes from Lombok International Airport and 35 minutes by taking boat.
GiliNanggu is located in South Lombok, Sekotong sub-district, West Lombok Regency. This island is pretty quietbecause of no one stays permanently, besides there is only one resort. The characteristic of GiliNanggu is soft and white sandy beach, also clear blue water and green leafy trees.
The main activity in this island is swimming and snorkeling. GiliNanggu is one of Gili with well-guarded coral and wonderful marine life. You may bring bread that is filled in the bottle then the fish will come after you to eat its bread. Another beauty of this island is starfish that appears in the coastline which is nice to capture in your camera.
To make your vacation more unforgettable, you may buy some fresh young coconut and drink it while watching the sunset.
GiliTrawangan is the biggest Gili than the 3 others (Gili Air and GiliMeno), This Gili becomes the only Gili which has high range of hills above sea level. The length of GiliTrawangan is 3 km and its wide is 2 km. The population is approximately 1000 people. To get to GiliTrawangan, it takes for 1 hour drive from Mataram and speed boat, and 2 hours’ drive from from Lombok International Airport by motor or speed boat.
GiliTrawangan has the most facilities than the others with international standards. There are million tourists per year who come to GiliTrawangan whether abroad or Indonesian. These numbers causing GiliTrawangan turns to the most visited place in Lombok.
Just like the other GilisinGiliTrawangan, motor vehicles are not permitted to be used, alsothe beaches are pretty nice just like to the other two Gilis (Gili Air and GiliMeno), GiliTrawangan has white sandy beaches and clear blue sea making GiliTrawanganas the right place to spend your vacation time
Many things can be done in Gili Trawangan, such as cycling around or going around the island using Cidomo (horse cart), snorkeling or diving, or you want to try other sensations from this place, you can try horse riding while enjoying the beauty of the beach. In this place you will not run out of spots to take pictures, where many unique places are created as a photo spot. If you go around GiliTrawangan it’s incomplete if you don’t enjoy the sunset over the hills of GiliTrawangan, where you will enjoy a different sensation of seeing the sunset from the top of this hill, on this hill you can also see the sunrise, different from the other 2 Gilis, on this hill you can enjoy the sunrise with a view of more than 2 other gilis.
One more thing that should not be missed inGiliTrawangan is its lively night party, where GiliTrawangan is known by foreign tourists as “Party Island”, this is also the most striking differentiator of the two Gilis, where the other 2 Gilis are known as the calmness. GiliTrawangan seems never to sleep and stop, because there will always be various kinds of events held in the evening.
Koeta Toea Ampenan
(Old City of Ampenan)
Ampenan comes from the word ‘amben’ which means a place to stop by. It was named by the Dutch, this city was intended as a port city to compete with the Bali kingdoms. Ampenan City itself was built in 1928 until 1970. Ampenan Harbor was once a very busy dock in 1948-1950. This city is one of the heritage cities in Indonesia, as many Dutch buildings are left standing still in this city. As is usual, various ethnic port cities live in the city. Several different ethnic cultures, such as the Malay Bangsal, Chinese, and Arabs live together in the old city of Ampenan. On one of the roads leading to the Ampenan port there is a temple that is more than one hundred years old, the Bodhi Dharma Temple, which was established in 1804. This temple is still actively used as a place of worship and a place to celebrate the Chinese New Year. Meanwhile in the coastal area of Ampenan inhabited by ethnic Bugis people who work as fishermen. The Arabs in Ampenan usually occupy the central part of the city, where they usually carry out trading activities. Along the Customs road leading to the harbor is a side of the old city full of history. Rows of old buildings including restaurants, bakeries, beauty salons and Chinese homes indicate that at that moment the area was overcrowded. This Chinese residence is characterized by a narrow living room, with a small altar filled with portraits of dead family members, jars filled with corpse ash, red candles, flowers in a vase plus incense sticks or incense. Business run by Chinese in the Ampenan port is still visible today. Including activities of buying and selling fresh fish sold by the Bugis tribe. While the Malay residents of Bangsal sell seafood processed products such as grilled fish and traditional Lombok cuisine. With such ethnic diversity. The life of Ampenan Old City residents illustrates the harmony of life between different ethnic groups. Afternoon is the perfect time to visit Ampenan Old City. In the former harbor, you can watch the sunset on the western horizon. Red Mega that covers the buildings in the Ampenan Old City, always brings your mind to the past.
Mandalika is located in Central Lombok Regency, West Nusa Tenggara 30 minutes away from Lombok International Airport. Its It stretches for 14.6 km starting from Mandalika / Kuta Beach, Seger Beach, Merese Hill and TanjungAan Beach. Mandalika used to be part of Kuta area 10 years ago, time has changed Mandalika pulled out themselves from shadow of Kuta Bali and began to socialize as its new name Mandalika.
Mandalika has an urban legend that is very well known by the people of Lombok, even the world. The name Mandalika is also taken from the urban legend where Mandalika is the name of a princess namely Mandalika’s daughter. It is said that the story of this princess has a gorgeous face so that many princes from all over the archipelago competed to propose to marry the princess Mandalika. A big war between the princes happened. To prevent a lot of bloodshed the Princess decided to jumped down into the sea. Choosing one of the princes were impossible for her,war would be happen because of jealousy of the princes. After Princess Mandalikajumped down to the sea, a wave came up and the many small colorful creatures which were sea worms suddenly appeared and were known as Nyale. The people consideredNyale as the incarnation of PrincessMandalika. Since then, Every year in the Mandalikathere will always be a festival named “BauNyale”. Local people believed sow the “Nyale” in the ricefields or fields will affect to the fertility and abundant harvest.
Mandalika itself is the name of one of the most beautiful beaches in Lombok. This beach has a coastline of 7.2 km. Mandalika Beach has a clear and blue sea. There is a uniqueness of this beach, where beach sand has a texture like pepper.
There are someattractive beaches that are scattered along the Mandalika area such as:
Seger Beach, with its white sandy beach,clear sea and flanked by hills which are the hallmark of Mandalika. In one part of this beach there is a monument from Princess Mandalika, where the beach is the location of the Princess Mandalika’sjumped out.
MereseHill, is located on the east side of Mandalika beach. This hill has the beauty of the green expanse of grassland, you can also see the enchanting beauty of the sea from the top of the hill, and enjoy the landscape of TanjunAan beach while enjoying sunset. In this place you will also see a pretty interesting view a herd of cows / buffalo looking for food around the Merese hill.
TanjungAan beach, this beach is directly faced the Indian Ocean and has a coastline of 2 km. This beach also has characteristics like Mandalika beach, white and pepper sand. This beach is surrounded by several hills, where can be reached easily and enjoying its wonderful view once you reach the top.
Benang Kelambu and Stokel Waterfall
Tourism in Central Lombok not only offers beautiful beaches. The waterfall in Central Lombok is very beautiful and different from the waterfall in Indonesia. The famous waterfall in Central Lombok is called BenangKelambu Waterfall
BenangKelambu Waterfall is located in Pemotong, AikBerik Village, North Batukliang District, Central Lombok. If you depart from Mataram, the distance to the waterfall is approximately 32 km. The travel time needed is around 1.5 hours using a vehicle (car or motorcycle).
Its name is unique, it is called the BenangKelambuWaterfallbecause the waterfall in this place looks like the thread of a mosquito net / curtain whose voice is smoother compared to waterfalls in general. This waterfall is shaped like a broad curtain in Sasak language called a mosquito net.
BenangKelambu Waterfall is about 30 minutes walk from BenangStokel Waterfall. The track is quite difficult to pass, where we will pass hills and small trenches, this waterfall is very unique as the name of the water that falls from the cliff like a dangling mosquito net.
For those of you who want to arrive quickly or don’t want to get too tired on the road, this motorcycle taxi service can be an alternative. However, walking is actually very pleasant, besides affect to your healthy the natural scenery that is in this place is also amazing.
MangkuSakti Waterfall is located in Sajang Village, SembalunDistrict, it is located in the Mount Rinjani National Park area. Taken about 3 hours drive from the city of Mataram.
MangkuSakti Waterfall height is about 30 m with white stone cliffs on its walls come from the KokoqPuteq (White River) stream which directly from SegaraAnak. Underneath the water there is a 15 m2 reservoir and a depth of between 2-4 m with a water color that is not clear but rather white greenish because of sulfur material, then it can be used to cure various skin diseases.
The origin name of this place was a man called “Mangku” named titikastura who served as a caretaker at the foot of Mount Rinjani. At that time the people called him the name of mountain guard.
Given its location in the hilly region, the track to the location is also quite exciting for those of you who are happy with nature trekking activities. We will pass the path with huge trees and a lovely stretch of reeds in some spots.
Mawun Beach should be one of your must visit if you are in Central Lombok. This beach characteristic is suitable for anyone who wants to enjoy beauty in tranquility because of its quietness. Mawun Beach is located about 60 kilometers fromMataram. You can visit Mawun Beach by vehicle, about 1.5 hours drive from the city of Mataram.
Swimming, taking photos and chilling are great things to do while enjoying the fresh young coconut in the midday with your family or your love.
In addition you can also explore the two hills on both sides, namely the west side and east side. On the top of the hill, you can enjoy views of the horizon of Indian Ocean, the range of hills, and coastline including Mawun Beach from a height.
Desa Adat Sade (Sade Traditional Village)
Desa adat Sade inhabitants are the Sasak Tribe. It is located in Rembitan Village, Pujut, Central Lombok. To get to this place is very easy for those of you who come from airport, it only takes 20 minutes to take a car, or taxi whereas those coming from Mataram take 1 hour by car or motorcycle.
Desa Sade is a Tourism Village that has its own uniqueness though it is located on the edge of a good paved road that allows to connect with urban areas, this village still holds fast to tradition, build houses covered with reeds, woven bamboo walls and lay on the ground in mop with buffalo dung, which is believed to warm the room and repel mosquitoes.
Even for cooking, the people still use simple wood-burning stoves, so this village is named Tourism Village by the local Tourism Office.
In this village there are around 150 families who adhere to the religion of Islam andworking as farmers, buffalobreeders and weavers, and it can be concluded that this village is anorigin tribe of Sasak.
Pink Beach/Tangsi Beach
Located in Sekaroh Village, JerowaruSubdistrict, East Lombok, this place can be reached by 2 alternatives route with quite extreme roads because it is not asphalt yet and taking a boat. Taking a boat is highly recommended besides being able to go to the beach Pink,boatman will also take you to 3 tourist destinations such as GiliPetelu, GiliMangkok and Pasir Island.
If you come from the Mataram to reach the Tangsi / Pink Beach by, it takes about 2.30 minutes by driving towards the Tanjung Ringgit route.
Meanwhile, by taking a boat through TanjungLuar Harbor by driving from Mataram to the port it takes 1 hour by car or motorcycle and then take an outrigger boat about 20 minutes.
The beauty of this place is completed with culinary seafood which is delicious because of its freshness, once you arrive at the TanjungLuar you will be offered a variety of seafood such as fish, squid, octopus, crabs and etc which you can cook traditionally in Tangsi / Pink Beach. Nearby the harbor there is also a traditional fish market, so if you want to see the market, you have to arrive atTanjungLuar in the morning, in this market we can find all kinds of seafood such as various types of seafood even sharks also exist in this market.